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General description

Doñana Biological Station is an institution that belongs to the Spanish Council of Scientific Research (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, CSIC). The main objective of Doñana Biological Station is the study of terrestrial ecology in the Guadalquivir marshes. The main ecosystems are: Mediterranean shrublands, beaches, dunes and continental marshes.

Site history

Doñana Biological Station was created in 1964 by the Spanish Council of Scientific Research with the help of the World Wildlife Fund and the collaboration of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), the International Council for Bird Preservation (ICBP), the International Waterfowl Research Bureau (IWRB) and the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS).
Doñana Biological Station is composed by a research centre in Sevilla, Doñana Biological Reserve in Doñana (Almonte, Huelva) and Roblehondo Field Station in “Sierras de Cazorla, Segura and Las Villas” Natural Park (Jaén).
The central building of Doñana Biological Station is located in the Peru Pavilion, a building built for the Universal Exposition in 1929. This centre locates the direction and administration offices of the institute, the scientists offices, some laboratories, a library, a Vertebrate Scientific Collection and some support facilities.
Doñana Biological Reserve (RBD) is located in Almonte municipality. It is 89 Km far from the central building, in the limits of Doñana National Park and it is composed by two areas. One of them is Doñana Biological Reserve sensu stricto that has 6.794 ha of surface. It belongs to and it is managed by the CSIC. The other one is Guadiamar Biological Reserve that has 3.214 ha. It belongs to WWF/ADENA but it is managed by the CSIC. Doñana Biological Station has, in consequence, a total surface of 10.008 ha in Doñana National Park. Doñana Biological Station’s director, according to the law (Ley de Doñana 91/1978), coordinates as well all the research projects developed in Doñana National Park (52.000 ha).
Roblehondo Field Station (ECRH) is located in “Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas” Natural Park (214.300 ha), 350 Km far from Sevilla. The CSIC has been present in the area of “Sierras de Cazorla y Segura (Jaén) from the middle of the 50s, when José Antonio Valverde, the founder of Doñana Biological Station, directed several zoological expeditions. The CSIC research activity was intensified at the end of the 70s, when some researchers of Doñana Biological Station started to use the Roblehondo Forest House (located in La Iruela municipality) as base of their activities. This infrastructure, located in the centre of the Navahondona-Guadarnillos Reserve, is currently a field station depending on Doñana Biological Station due to one use cession given by the Junta de Andalucía to the CSIC.

Geographical information

Doñana National Park. Guadalquivir mouth. Huelva, Sevilla and Cádiz (Andalucía).

ALTITUDE: 0-42 m

COORDINATES: Centre of Doñana National Park 33º44´ N; 06º38´ W

EXTENSION: 1100 km2

Contact information

Javier Bustamante (Principal Investigator)
Fernando Hiraldo Cano (Director)
José Juan Chans Pousada (Vicedirector responsible of the Monitoring Group).

Doñana Biological Station (EBD).

Estación Biológica de Doñana.
Pabellón del Perú.
Avda. Mª Luisa, s/n.
41013 Sevilla.

PHONE: (+34) 954 23 23 40


Main biotic community


Current research topics

Long-term monitoring in Doñana Nacional Park of meteorological, hydrological and physical-chemical parameters, plant communities, aquatic and terrestrial invertebrate communities, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. The objective is to know their status and their evolution.

Current data


Abiotic parameters







From 1970



From 1970



From 1994



From 1994



From 1994


(heavy metals/organic pesticides/organic compounds)

From 1970












From 1970








Biotic parameters



(vegetation maps, time series, demography, phenology, species list)

From 1991


(species maps, phenology, species list)



(species maps, species list)



(population density, demography, census)

From 1980


(brooding places map, time series, species list)

From 1973

(species maps, population density, demography, census, species list).
fishing statistics, population density, population structure, maps, census,
species list)
From 1970
(transects, census, species list)
From 2005
  (**) Amphibian time series from 1977, Testudo graeca from 1980, exotic turtles
from 2000 and lizards from 2005.














Most of the parameters above.

Most of the information is in spreadsheets, reports and publications. However, from 1988 a computerizing data process has started. Currently, there is a website (,, from where it is possible to look up and to download information about the research and monitoring activity in Doñana in diverse formats: html, doc, pdf, dbf, xls.

Data access

It is possible to access to data through Doñana Biological Station website. Data will be available as well on request.


Doñana Biological Station has a residence for researchers (30 beds), 2 laboratories, observatories, communications, freezers, fridges and a diverse laboratory equipment.

Research projects and funding institutions

The research projects that are being developed in Doñana Biological Station can be browsed at the website:

On-going collaborations

Environment Ministry, Consejería de Medio Ambiente de la Junta de Andalucía and others.

Main references

Aranda, J. C., H. Garrido, A. J. Green, M. Máñez, E. Martínez, J. D. Navarro, C. Raya, F. Robledano y Equipo de Seguimiento de Procesos Naturales. 1995. La Cerceta Pardilla Marmaronetta angustirostris en España. ICONA-MAPA, Madrid.

Chans, J. y Green, A.J. 2002. Evaluación y seguimiento del proyecto 2005: una propuesta para la vegetación, fauna y paisaje. Pp: 39-44 en: 2ª Reunión Internacional de Expertos sobre la Regeneración Hídrica de Doñana. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Madrid.

Coca Pérez, M. y M. Cuadrado. 2001. Seguimiento de la población de reptiles en el Parque Natural de los Alcornocales. Informe Técnico. Asociación Herpetológica Española. 33pp.

Donázar, J.A., J.J. Negro, F. Hiraldo, M.G. Forero, J.L. Tella & M. de la Riva 1999. Biología y conservación del Cernícalo Primilla (Falco naumanni) en Andalucía: resultados de 10 años de seguimiento. Pp. 5-9 en: Investigación y desarrollo medioambiental en Andalucía. Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucía

Máñez, M., Chans, J.J., Espinar, J.M., Fernández Pacheco, F, García, L., Garrido, H., González, A.J., Ibáñez, F., & Jiménez, F.J. 2002. Seguimiento de avifauna en espacios naturales protegidos: el caso de Doñana. En: "Actas de las XV Jornadas Ornitológicas Españolas". A. Sánchez (Ed.), 129-144 SEO/BirdLife, Madrid.

Marco, A. 2002. Impacto de la contaminación ambiental en los anfibios: enfoque aplicado a espacios protegidos de montaña. Actas de las III Jornadas Científicas del Parque Natural de Peñalara y del Valle del Paular. Biodiversidad: investigación, conservación y seguimiento. Comunidad de Madrid. Pp. 65-72.

Marco, A. y M. Lizana. 2002. Efectos de la radiación ultravioleta sobre los anfibios en áreas de montaña. Actas de las III Jornadas Científicas del Parque Natural de Peñalara y del Valle del Paular. Biodiversidad: investigación, conservación y seguimiento. Comunidad de Madrid. Pp. 73-80.

Migens, E., C. Ibáñez & J. Quetglas 1999. Inventario, seguimiento y conservación de refugios de murciélagos cavernícolas en Andalucía. Pp. 61-66 en: Investigación y desarrollo medioambiental en Andalucía. Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucía.

Moreno, S., A. Lazo & R. Villafuerte 1999. Seguimiento de las actuaciones de restauración del hábitat de alimentación del Águila Imperial Ibérica. Pp. 10-12 en: Investigación y desarrollo medioambiental en Andalucía. Consejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de Andalucía

Ruíz-Laguna J, Bonilla D, Ballesteros J, López-Barea J, Moreno S. Aplicación de biomarcadores bioquímicos al seguimiento de los efectos biológicos del vertido de Aznalcóllar en el ratón moruno (Mus spretus). En: Ciencia y Restauración del Río Guadiamar. Pp: 226-235. (JM Arenas, FR Martínez y A Mora, ed.). Junta de Andalucía. Sevilla.


Some data

Arrival date of Greylag Goose (Anser anser) in the migration to Doñana during the period 1965-2005

Despite the big inter-annual variation, there is a significant trend toward a delay in the first appearance of the Greylag Goose (Anser anser) in Doñana Marshes during the winter migration time to the South. (Chans J.J., M. Máñez, F. Hiraldo, J. Calderón and C. Ramo. Changes in distribution and arrival migration time in a Greylag Goose (Anser anser) population wintering in Spain. Proceedings of the 9th Annual Meeting of Goose Specialist Group of Wetlands International. 5-9. November 2005. Sopron, Hungary. Hungarian Waterfowl. In press)

Downloadable data
Data of the Greylag Goose arrival date to Doñana
Doñana rainfall data in Doñana during the period 1970-2005




Data available for downloading

SOURCE: Monitoring of natural processes team in Doñana (EBD)
Downloadable data
Amphibious sampling (2002-2005)
Marsh deer census (1986-2005)
RBD rabbit census (2000-2006)
RBD partridge census (2000-2006)
Otter census (2003-2005)
Southern water vole census (2003-2005)
Birds in beaches terrestrial census (2004-2006)
Aquatic birds aerial census (2004-2006)
Fulica atra winter maximums aerial census (1973-2005)
Fallow deer census (1986-2004)
Larus audouini yearly maximums census (1983-2005)
Hieraaetus pennatus feeding data (1964-1999)
Aquila adalberti feeding data (1965-1998)
Passeriforms permanent station captures assessment (1994-2005)
Wetlands macroinvertebrates (2003-2006)
Doñana meteorological data (1978-2006)
Amphibious sampling protocol
Rabbit and partridge census protocol
Otter census protocol
Southern water vole census protocol
Birds in beaches terrestrial census protocol
Aquatic birds aerial census protocol
Passeriforms passing monitoring protocol
Macroinvertebrates protocol


Last update October 2006